Working with wool is without doubt one of the most important production processes in the Arno Valley. Well known since ancient times, thanks to the abundance of primary materials and the motor-powering strength of the water, indispensable for powering the mills, it had a successful period in the second half of the 19th century.

During this period they invented an unusual material, known as ‘Panno Casentino’ (Casentino cloth), whose principal characteristics are a unique ‘bobbly’ surface texture and bright orange and emerald green colours. Created in medieval times as a ‘rustic cloth’ worn by monks and mountainfolk and used by cart drivers to cover their horses, in the 19th century ‘Panno Casentino’ became appreciated by well-known people such as Bettino Ricasoli, Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini.

In the traditional colours of orange and green, ‘Panno Casentino’ is characterised by a ‘bobbly’ finish created by a specific treatment called ‘ratinatura’. It is thanks to this bobbly effect that it has a double layer, which gives the cloth perfect thermal insulation and makes it efficiently waterproof, while at the same time maintaining the breathability of leather.

Today ‘Panno Casentino’ is a symbol of elegance and style and is used by the most important Italian designers to create high fashion clothing.

For further information and to learn about wool working processes, please contact MUSEO DELL’ARTE DELLA LANA DI STIA (MUSEUM OF THE ART OF WOOL, STIA) (

T.A.C.S. A Tuscan excellence in the world


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